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how和what引导的感叹句的区别都有什么

2019-06-27 09:25:45文/崔芮淇

感叹句通常有what, how引导,表示赞美、惊叹、喜 悦、等感情。

how和what引导的感叹句的区别

what修饰名词,how 修饰形容词,副词或动词,感叹句结构主要有以下几种:

掌握它的搭配,即掌握了感叹句的重点。

How +形容词+ a +名词+ 陈述语序

How+形容词或副词+ 陈述语序

What +名词+ 陈述语序

What+a+形容词+名词+ 陈述语序

What+ 形容词+复数名词+ 陈述语序

What+ 形容词+不可数名词+ 陈述语序

How clever a boy he is!

How lovely the baby is!

What noise they are making!

What a clever boy he is!

What wonderful ideas (we have)!

What cold weather it is!

感叹句的省略形式为:

What a clever boy (he is)!

例句

1.带有how的感叹句

用来感叹形容词、副词或动词,其结构:

(1)How+形容词+主语+谓语!

How happy he is!他是多么的幸福啊!

How exciting he became when he heard the news!当他听到这个消息时,他是多么的激动!

How beautiful the West Lake is!西湖是多么的美丽啊!

(2)How+副词+主语+谓语!

How hard he is working now!他现在工作得多么的努力呀!

How slowly he runs!他跑得多么慢呀!

How beautifully you sing!你唱得多么好听啊!

(3)How+主语+动词!

How her mother worried!她母亲是多么地担心啊!

How he enjoys collecting stamps!他是多么的喜欢集邮啊!

How the men pumped like crazy!水手们发疯般地抽着水!

(4)How+形容词+a(an)+可数名词单数形式

Miss Langham arm in arm with Mr.Peabody——how astonishing a sight!兰哈姆小姐挽着皮博迪先生的胳膊,看上去真叫人吃惊!

How interesting a book it is!多么有趣的一本书啊!

(5)How+ many,much,few,little+ 名词+主语+谓语!

How little food they have!他们的食物多么少啊!

How few books she has!他有的书多么少啊!

2、带有what 的感叹句

带有what的感叹句用来感叹名词,被感叹的名词既可以是可数名词(单数形式或复数形式),也可以是不可数名词.

(1)What a/an+(形容词)+单数名词+谓语!

What a fine day it is!天气多么好啊!

What an interesting story it is!它是多么有趣的一个故事啊!

What an honest boy he is!他是一个多么诚实的孩子呀!

What a beautiful day it was and how happy I was!天是多么的好,我是多么的高兴啊!

(2)What+(形容词)+复数名词+谓语!

What funny stories they are!他们是多么可笑的故事啊!

What beautiful colours they are!它们的颜色是多么的漂亮啊!

What terrible earthquakes they are!多么可怕的地震啊!

(3)What+(形容词)+不可数名词+谓语!

What great progress he has made!他取得了多么大的进步呀!

What terrible weather we met!我们那时遇到了多么可怕的天气啊!

What fun it is to have a swim in summer.夏天游泳是多么有趣的事啊!

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